shoe sizes, european to american shoe sizes, japanese to english shoe sizes, shoe size chart, UK english european shoe size, footwear size systems

Shoe sizes:

javascript shoe size calculator - why do people buy vegan shoes

shoe sizes - european shoe size - american shoe sizes - international shoe sizes - British shoe sizes conversion tables for American, Australian, British, Canadian, European, Japanese, Mexican, New Zealand, Inches, Centimetres, Mondopoint shoe sizes

European English American shoe size conversion table

UK /Aus/NZ shoe 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Australia & NZ              

  In Australasia it's standard to add two sizes for women - see here
European 34 35.3 36.75 38 39.25 40.5 42 43.25 44.6 46 47.25 48
US male shoe 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
US female shoe 10½ 11½ . . .
Japan   21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
Mexico   . . . 4.5 5.5 6.5 7.5 8.5 9.5 10.5 11.5 12.5
Cm (foot) foot 21.4 22.4 22.9 23.8 24.9 25.7 26.6 27.6 28.3 29.3 30.1 .
Mondopoint foot 214 224 229 238 249 257 266 276 283 293 301 .
Inches foot 8
3/8
8
6/8
9
1/16
9
7/16
9
13/16
10 2/16 10
1/2
10
7/8
11
3/16
11
9/16
11
7/8
.


Shoe size distribution:
shoe size distribution in UK adults - comparison with Japanese adults co.ug
UK /Aus/NZ shoe 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

UK %
(½ small)
male
shoe
1% 3%
(1%)
11%
(4%)
24%
(11%)
29%
(15%)
21%
(12%)
9%
(6%)
2% 1%
UK size    2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13
UK %
(½ small)
fem'
shoe
2% 3% 
(1%)
 12%
(5%)
 23%
(10%)
 29%
(15%)
21%
(12%)
 9%
(6%)
 2%
Japanese male            average            
Japanese female     average                   
Shoe size systems:

This chart is based on library & web research, as well as some thought about the internal logic of the systems.

The English system is thirds of an inch, starting roughly at four or eight inches for children or adults. Four and eight inches used to be called one hand or two hands, with four inches being width of a hand and an inch the length between the end of your thumb and the middle crease. A hand or hand-width was the common measure for horses, so it was convenient to use it for shoes as well.

Thirds of an inch used to be called barleycorns, after the corns you can make porrage out of.

At this point the system becomes more hi-tec, because cobblers would use a bit of stick, more or less designed for the purpose of measuring shoes rather than feet. A shoe should be about one size larger then the foot it surrounds, so the measuring stick would be marked with a child's size one one hand and a third of an inch, rather than the round number of one hand or four inches exactly.

This "starting roughly" was altered at some point by colonists in the USA - of which more below.

The system measures foot length and is unisex, but womens' shoes tend to be narrower at the heel than mens'. A man wearing women's shoes would be well advised to try a few pairs on first (transvestite mail-order is a difficult business as court shoes are traditionally worn tight) and likewise a woman wearing a boy's shoe might find it more comfortable with a couple of pads glued-in to the sides. For some loose-fitting styles, unisex designs are possible and work well.

I don't understand the internal logic of the american system, but it may be related to the different foot widths that people of different nationalities have: north europeans have particularly wide feet for a given length; south europeans and asians have narrower feet. It may also be that the first mass-production of shoes co-incided with a great increase in gender differences; that it was inconcievable to the suppliers that a man would wear a womens' shoe or vica versa. Whatever the cause, people in the USA ended-up with two length measurements - one for women, one for men, and neither the same as the unisex starting point in the UK.

If anyone would like to help me clarify the different systems better - particularly by adding logic to the size systems to make them memorable, please get in touch.

Suzanne writes " In Australia, women's shoes have been 2 sizes higher than the men's shoe for shoes of equal length for at least the last 30 years (my lifetime). My mother says they changed sometime in the 60s or 70s.

So a man's size 5 is the same length as a woman's size 7. I have never seen shoes sold in a retail environment that weren't sized this way, with the exception of doc marten's, which of course are a British sized shoe. "

European countries use a metric system. Because the centimetre is larger than the difference you would want between two sizes of shoe, the system is to use two thirds of a centremetre. This is sometimes called a Paris Point.

People have been frustrated by shoe sizes for many years. In the Soviet Union there was an attempt to introduce ordinary centimetres instead of Paris Points, but, as centimetres are too big to come to round numbers on shoe sizes, shoes tend to have both size systems stamped on them. In Japan the idea has caught-on better: people simply give their foot length in centimetres. In Australia, standards organisations attempted the same thing, recommending millimetre lengths described as "Mondopoint" meaning world point, and in the UK the British Standards Institution has followed. These measurements tend only to be used for more technical shoes. There are several reasons for difficulties:

  • Most of the first translation tables on the internet are written by Americans. North America is unique in having different size systems for men and women, but, because women's feet are particularly narrow at the heel, it's often true that a woman takes a slightly smaller unisex shoe unless she wants to add some pads. Tables are published taking this into account, and Americans assume that there are two separate length systems in the UK. Likewise, because South European shoes are made for narrower feet than North European, Americans tend to assume that there are different length systems.
  • Reference documents are hard to find, and, when presented, tend to be a summery without mention of the internal logic that would make them memorable and prevent translation errors. For example the British Standards Institution now agrees with the European Standard of simply using the foot length in millimetres, which is called the Mondopoint system. Neither the British nor Australian standards institutions now have a definitive document describing the shoe sizes the people usually use, while the British Footwear Association avoids the subject. In the USA there is some difference between the trade association - formerly the Footwear Industries of America (FIA) and the "common" scale which is about half a size different. Australians nominally use the Commonwealth or English system, but tend to add two sizes for womens' shoes.
  • Size charts differ in their comparison of US mens, womens and UK sizes: all quote US sizes as larger than UK ones - one size for boys and one and a half or two for girls. There is a logic to this strangeness: US women buying British shoes might not mind the one sixth of an inch difference in length that is a half size. UK factories might very much mind the cost of moulds and stock that are involved in making more sizes.

If anyone spots any mistakes on this table or has any ideas to simplify, please let me know. A discussion of how shoe shop's tables vary is here, and a collection of other measuring systems is here. If you are interested in carton and parcel courier delivery prices try this page.

Jacket Sizes:

international jacket sizes
UK male' 30" 32" 34" 36" 38" 40" 42" 44" 46"
UK female.. 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24

inches (chest)

30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46

(waist)

24 66 28 30 32 . . .

(hips)

34 36 38 40 42 . . .

cm (chest)

82-86 86-90 90-94 100-04 105-09 110-14 115-29 130-34 135-139

(waist)

61 66 71 76 81 . . .

(hips)

86.5 91.5 96.5 101.5 106.5 . . .
Europe (chest) 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 .
USA female (chest) 10 12 14 16 40 42 44 .
Japan female (chest) 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 .

international coat and jersey sizes
UK/US coats
jerseys
34 36 38 40 42 44 46
Euro 44 46 48 50 52 54 56
Japan S M L LL

Women's Sizes
adult dresses
suits
coats
American 8 10 12 14 16 18  
British 30 32 34 36 38 40  
Continental 36 38 40 42 44 46  
adult blouses
& sweaters
American 32 34 36 38 40 42 44
British 34 36 38 40 42 44 46
Continental 40 42 44 46 48 50 52
girls & youth
dresses & coats
American 2 4 6 8 10 13 15
British & Continental 1 2 5 7 9 10 12
stockings American & British 8 9 10 10½ 11
Continental 35 36 37 38 39 40 41

Men's Sizes
Suits, Sweaters
and Overcoats
American & British 34 36 38 40 42 44 46
Continental 44 46 48 50 52 54 56
Shirts American & British 14 14½ 15 15½ 16 16½ 17
Continental 36 37 38 39 40 41 42
Socks American & British 10 10½ 11 11½ 12 12½
Continental 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

foot gages:

  • Algao Ltd, Liverpool, UK, stockists for the Heider anglo-European length gage @ £11 + p&p by credit card over the phone. 0151 448 1228 fax 0151 448 1008. Search their site for "Foot Measure - Yellow (Plastic) (Reference #PA1902) " which is about thirteen pounds plus postage.
  • Clarks, Somerset, UK make gages for their franchised shops, or produce a good table on the net. It may not quite agree with this one, so have a look if you are interested. Clarks were responsible for a lot of the market research in the 60s and 70s that lead to received wisdom about the width of the British foot.
  • Bata, an international shoe manufacturing company, has a good table and .pdf diagramme
  • DB Shoes have a diagramme on their site including measurements from the mould or last
  • Satra, UK - £22 for a mens, womens, or childrens wooden gage for length and width
  • Brannock, USA - steel length and width scale stockist (USA) Brannock publish a pdf scale at one-third size on their site.
  • Woodrow Engineering Wisconsin, USA - used to sell a ruler for measuring the insides of shoes, but the website doesn't show it at present.
  • UKD (formerly Marlows) large trade-only wholesaler who will tell you their local stockist for shoes and their "Junior Foot-gage, selling for something up to £80. It is white-coated aluminium, continental and UK sized 1-10 or 16-45 and has some kind of rough estimate guide for width


shoe size javascript converter - (another converter is here )

european to american & english; english to european and american, american to european and english

Enter a shoe size value into any box.
The remaining boxes will automatically be updated when you press tab or click the mouse with the cursor in another box

Shoe Size (US mens) A width inches A width cm
  B width inches B width cm
Shoe Size (UK) C width inches C width cm
  D width inches D width cm
Shoe Size (EU) E width inches E width cm
  EE width inches EE width cm
foot length inches 3E width inches 3E width cm
  4E width inches 4E width cm
foot length cm 5E width inches 5E width cm
  6E width inches 6E width cm
This calculator is for men's sizes. Here are the formulas:
L = S * 1/3" + 7 1/3" where:
U = S - 1 L = foot length in inches
P = U * 4/3 + 31 1/3 S = US men's adult shoe size
D width = 3/8 of foot length U = UK shoe size
each width step = 3/16 inches P = Paris Points shoe size
why people wear vegan shoes and cook vegan recipes :

  • Animal welfare - slaughterhouses are a cut-throat business in more ways than one, because the blood has to be drained from the carcas while the heart is still beating. All but Halal sloughterhouses would claim that the animal is stunned while this is done, but in a competative third world industry animal pain is inevitable. There is a list of welfare problems in every part of the industry and are best solved by simply not eating meat
  • Health - there is a widening range of breathable, comfortable footwear and low-fat, healthy cooking available. Maybe the question should be put the other way: why is it still quite fashionable to wear leather shoes & eat meat? Was it something to do with social status a few generations ago?
  • Ecology - farmland is wasted if it is used for animal feed.