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What's wrong with Ethical Fashion Forum | made in britain
 fair-fashion.htm
government & factories
ethical fashion forum.htm
why.htm
vegan ethics:
why vegan shoes?
ethics.htm
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ask.htm
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shoes and footwear made in BritainEthical Fashion Forum write a lot about UK manufacturing.

For their "Issues: made in Britain" page they pinched a logo from a UK shoe factory site to illustrate their point.

The web site has pictures of the factory, before low sales forced it to close and move remaining production to another firm. You can see the names of the people who lost their jobs if you search for "Lynn and Judy manage the sewing room".

Ethical Fashion Forum's Tamsin Lejeune writes an information site with a grants from UK taxpayers, promotion at London Fashion Week, and a list of other public sector exhibitions. She's still taken seriously as a pundit to talk about the fashion industry, particularly among fashion college tutors. Hence this page to reply to her points and her big bold bits.

#1 Clothing made in Britain - title & introduction
#2 Employment in UK clothes & footwear manufacturing
#3 Big Bold Bit
#4 Fairtrade applied to Europe
#5 Clothing materials made in Britain
#6 Transport of clothing to Britain
#7 Opportunities [sic]
#8 Big Bold Bit

#1 Made in Britain 

For this read contribution to a welfare state that all staff can use during their lifetime in the UK. Production usually complies with employment law, health and safety law, and environmental law. "MADE IN BRITAIN labelling is more and more being associated with high sustainability standards by fashion designers and brands based in the UK."
 

#2

Reasons for decline: - exchange rate hikes, tariffs that allow dumping, and people like Ethical Fashion Forum promoting them at UK taxpayers' expense "Many of the brands using MADE IN BRITAIN labelling are actively supporting communities, offering opportunities for employment and skills development in a sector of the UK economy which has declined rapidly in recent years."
   "There is a pioneering recycled fashion movement which is looking at innovative ways of addressing issues of landfill and over consumption in the UK & beyond."
   "A number of brands are leading the way in supporting traditional culture, skills, and ethical production of woollen clothing in the UK from field to final product."
More than usually calculated, as empty shipping containers are often sent back, while urgent top-ups and samples are airmailed. "By manufacturing in the UK, fashion brands can reduce the amount of shipping and transport involved in the supply chains for their products, reducing the carbon footprint of this part of their work."
  #3
Simply untrue in the vague terms used. UK factory workers have access to the NHS, and if they're legal they have the use of dole, sickness benefit, a little housing benefit still, and pensions beyond anything available to workers in - just for example - a fair trade factory. "However it is important to note that MADE IN BRITAIN labelling alone does not equate to ethical practices."
  #4
The reason that Fairtrade International does not apply the label to producers in developed countries is that conditions are better in developed countries and change can be made by access to the law, so this paragraph is redundant and deliberately misleading. "MADE IN BRITAIN labelling does not mean that a product is “Fairtrade” , which by definition does not include products made in the UK."
Something called "conventional trade" is substituted here for "bad government in far-eastern countries", which is what's meant. The vague words are used because fair trade buyers, like producers in the third world, have to be polite about third world governments. Certainly, "conventional trade" doesn't mean UK factories ""Fairtrade is about better prices, decent working conditions, local sustainability, and fair terms of trade for farmers and workers in the developing world. Fairtrade addresses the injustices of conventional trade, which traditionally discriminates against the poorest, weakest producers. It enables them to improve their lot and have more control over their lives. (Definition by The Fairtrade Foundation)"
  #5
Early global trade lead to a decline of UK plant stalk fibre production, even for sack cloth which came to be made from jute and linen which tends to be made from imported flax. Flax hemp and nettle fibres are all technically possible to weave with enough consumer demand to justify investment:
Bid-to-Restore-Fibre-to-UK-Flax-Industry - from The Independent, 1995 . Tamsin Lejeune would know this. She invited one or two hemp traders to her first ever Ethical Fashion Forum meeting in 2004. 
You can see from this bar chart that the fibre industry didn't take-off, presumably for lack of free publicity from people like Ethical Fashion Forum and the new Defra ministry that had taken-over from the Ministry of Agriculture.
"Many key raw materials for fashion products cannot [be] or are not produced in the UK."
Lejeune is interested in the world shortage of organic or fair trade cotton, the water cost of growing it, and later of bad conditions for growers in Uzbekistan. It came-up in her subsidised seminars during 2008 and on her web site. So it follows that she ought to be interested in UK alternatives. "This includes cotton..."
Synthetics are also produced in the UK. Courtoulds Tencel plant in Grimsby produces huge quantities of wood-based microfibre. Current owners Lenzing use the fibre as a raw material, rather than for a specific UK finished product. The reason for decline in manufacturing is unfair tariffs and exchange rates.  "...as well as many synthetic and eco-fabrics primarily produced in Asia."
Zips and buttons are also produced in the UK, but there is no trade directory to find them so people tend to assume that they have to be bought from a wholesaler, who in turn seeks a cheap bulk deal. "The majority of fashion components from zips to buttons, inter-facings and fixings are also produced in Asia, primarily China."
"Therefore .... any .... will" simply doesn't follow; it's untrue. "Therefore..."
This says "fashion collection" but seems to be about fabrics, not other clothing like shoes. Sustainability is too vague a word to apply. It's a vague word vaguely attributed to those who "increasingly use" it. "...apart from clothing made entirely from recycled product or wool, any fashion collection Made in Britain will include components grown and assembled elsewhere. Made in Britain labelling is not relevant to sustainability standards for these components"
  #6
  "Carbon footprint and transport"
Figures I've seen leave-out the cost of the return trip of an empty boat to China, or a boat containing something of low value like landfill waste on an outbound trip subsidised by the inbound one.

As for perspective, synthetics are often worn because easy to wash, British goods are usually bought for ethical reasons other than carbon footprint.
"To put things in context, a recent study by the University of Cambridge on the sustainability footprint of a range of fashion supply models found that the carbon footprint of the transport component of products is a small fraction of the overall carbon footprint of fashion products. By far the largest carbon contribution is derived from the use phase, and therefore a consumer issue (washing and drying clothes , which are very energy intensive)"
  #7
  "Opportunities"
It is true that Indian cotton priced most UK stalk-based fibres - flax hemp and nettle - out of the market leaving only synthetics and wood-based Tencel microfibre, which is spun in Hull, Austria and probably China. "Production of clothing or components of clothing in different parts of the world has been a part of the garment industry for centuries. In fact the garment industry cannot exist without being global, thanks to some environments being more suited to growing crops such as cotton."
Trade can assist people, or not. Chance, culture, and of course things like access to affordable pensions, schools, condoms and health care are all ways that people in any countries can benefit. Unemployment insurance and disability insurance are vital too. Without them, there is a greater chance of population explosion and poverty among people without skills or education. "This trade in garments and textiles has created a springboard for industrial development all over the world- with Britain and America being amongst the first to benefit followed by the “Asian Tiger” economies of Hong Kong, Taiwan and Korea, and more recently, China and India. Producing garments or components of garments outside of the UK to sustainable standards can assist development in some of the poorest communities in the world, create sustainable livelihoods and reduce poverty for thousands of people."
  #8
The main way that someone in the UK can improve standards in Bangladesh is by boycotting and voting for conditional tariffs. The result might be change in the government and laws of Bangladesh. "It is only by raising standards and wages outside of the UK that the UK garment production sector will again be in a position to compete on equal terms with production in what are currently low wage economies."
  There was a footnote here, linking to a careful economic analysis of re-shoring production of cotton T shirts and viscous tops. The study stated that there was "to a good approximation" full employment in the UK, so that re-shoring would harm the economy by taking people away from more useful jobs. This re-shoring has since happened and not done any harm. Here is something about the economics academics who write these things, headed "bad economics teaching".
 fair-fashion.htm
government & factories
ethical fashion forum.htm
why.htm
vegan ethics:
why vegan shoes?
ethics.htm
ethical footwear brands:
other peoples' ethics
ask.htm
general contact and other information

Womens
vegan shoes

Mens Womens
boots & shoes

Mens Womens
boots & shoes

belts slippers
jacket T shirts

vegan shoes: fashionable?

Bouncing vegan sandal
Mesh and strap sandals
1" canvas shoe 1" court
cheap strappy sandals
cheap aerobic shoe
Bouncing Boots/Shoes 
/Brown / Monkey Boots
Office Shoes or School
Camouflage Shoes
Camouflage Boots / Tall
Unswoosher boot
Thick Canvas boot
 
Walsh vegan trainers
Safety Boot, Shoe
Wellington boots, Clogs 
Vegan belts
Slippers
Safety slippers
T shirts made in Britain
Vegan mens jackets
about us; delivery
search & site map
Ethics, Vegan Recipes
Shoe sizes EU UK US
News / Facebook / +1
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